当前位置:首页 >  成功励志

马克.吐温的青蛙

发布时间:2019-12-25

1865年,马克.吐温30岁。

据说他在那一年,受到一只青蛙的启发,写出了著名的幽默小说《卡拉韦拉斯县驰名的跳蛙》,从此一举成名,开始了大作家₪큐生涯。

据有关说法,这只启发马克.吐温灵感的青蛙不是普通的青蛙,而是一种濒临灭绝的珍稀蛙类,上一次有人报告看到这种蛙类是在1969年。34年以后,这种青蛙终于又出现了。々

下面先看看马克.吐温是如何描写这种青蛙的。

"有一天,他逮着一只跳蛙带回家去ι,说是要好好训一训;足足有三个月,他什么事都不干,光呆在后院里头教那只跳蛙蹦高。

果不其然,他把跳蛙训出来了。只要他从后头点跳蛙一下,你就看吧,那跳蛙像翻煎饼一样在空中打Ы个转----兴许翻一个筋斗,要是起得好,也*许能翻两个,然后稳稳当当地爪朝下落地,就像一只猎。

他还训那跳蛙逮苍蝇,勤学苦练,练得那跳蛙不论苍蝇飞出去多远,只要瞧得见,回回都能逮得着。

嘿,我就瞧见过他把丹尼尔韦伯斯特放在这儿的地板上----那跳蛙叫丹尼尔韦伯斯特----大▁▂▃▄喊一声:"苍蝇,丹尼尔,苍蝇!"快得让你来不及眨眼×,跳蛙就噌曾地照直跳起来,把那边柜台上的一只苍蝇吞下去了,然后像⊕一摊泥"扑嗒"落在地上,拿后腿抓耳挠腮,没事人似的,好像觉得自个儿比别的跳蛙也强不到哪儿去。别看它有能耐,你还真找不着比它更朴实,更爽快的跳蛙了。

只要是从平地上规规矩矩地往上跳,它比你≠见过的所有跳蛙都跳得高一个身子。从平地往上跳是它的拿手好戏,你明白吗?只要比这一项,斯迈雷就一路把注押上去。斯迈雷把他的跳蛙看成宝贝;要说也是,那些见多识广的老江湖都说,从来也没见过这么棒的跳蛙。"

下面是美『联社的报道。

Mark― Twain@'s Frog Makes Rare Appearance
By DON THOMPSON, Associated Press Writer

SACRAMENTO, Calif. - A threatened species of frog thought to have inspired Mark Twain's tale of "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" has been rediscovered in the county, 34 years after the frogs were last seen in the areδa.

The children of a cattle rancher found the California red-leggedγ frogs while playing around watering holes on their pr≮≯operty, wildlife officials said Tuesday. They ask┙ed that the location not be disclosed as researchers work to protect the frogs and their habitat.


A Fish and Wildlife Service bio┚logist verified the discov∞ery, locating one male and two female frogs in October. The last such sighting in Calaveras County wвas in 1969.


Robert Stack of the Jump┖ing Frog Research Institute in Ange★ls Camp, about 60 miles southeast of Sacramento, joked that the frogs are direct descendants of "Dan'l Webster" -▷- Twain's fictional frog.


The wildlife service is offering to work with nearby property owners to see if the frogs survive ther☆e as well. Stack is seeking grants to develop a captive-bree▓ding program to pЩrotect a population he estimates at 〒10-20 frogs, by nurturing some of the eggs next year. He ″hopes to use the remnant frogs to one day repopulate the county●.


As a threatened species, the frog enjoys protections that have caused some trepidati⌒on for property owners and developers who fear iыntrusive government oversight or a drйop in land values. The wildlife se↹rvice removed Calaveras County from its protection plan for the speci╢es after local officials objected.


Warren "Buck" King, the unofficial "Fr∨ogtown mayor" who managed the Calaveras ⊙County Fair and Frog Jumping Jubilee until he retired this year, led local opposition to Stack's reintroduction plans. He feared it would force la◣ndowners to kill off the competing bullfrog⿰, brought in from east of the Rockies more than a century ago after San Franciscans devoured much of♥ the state's red-legged frog poⅨpulation.


The bullfrogs since have taken over much of the red-l♂egg◥ed frog's habitat, and are the preferred frog used at the annual jumping contest nεamed after Twain's fictional 1865 challenge in the Ange∝ls Camp Hotel bar. Twain frequented the ☺☻bar while he lived in nearby Jackassↂ Hill.


Most remain〓ing red-legged frogs are along California's north-central coast.


___


On the Net:


www.jump←ingfrog.org


www.frogtown.org


www.r1.fws.gov/news